Effect of early exercise on inflammation cytokine array and microglial activation after TBI. (A) A tat cytokine array performed of blood serum samples collected in sham, TBI, and TBI-E groups. The protein expression of CCL20, IL13, 1L-1α, and IL-1β was quantified through scanning densitometry. The values shown are mean ± SE. *P < 0.05. (B) The brain tissues were stained with Iba1 antibody (red) using samples 3 and 7 days after TBI. Scale bar = 100 μm. (C). The Iba1 positive cells were presented as the number of positive cells per high power field (HPF). The values shown here are mean ± SE. *P < 0.05.