Manuscripts should not contain the work that has been reported in large part in a published paper or is contained in another manuscript that has been submitted or accepted for publication elsewhere, in print or in electronic media. Preliminary reports such as abstracts or posters at professional meetings are not considered as redundant or duplicate publications. The submission for publication should be approved by all the authors.

Manuscripts may take the form of an Article or Minireview. Contributors will find information on the preparation and submission of manuscripts in these Instructions to Authors. These Instructions are arranged as follows:

A. General Information
B. Preparation of Manuscript
C. Preparation of Tables and Illustrations
D. Preparation of Supplementary Material
E. Chemical and Mathematical Usage, Abbreviations, and Symbols
F. Ethics

Manuscripts that fail to conform to these guidelines may be returned to authors for revision before review.

A. General Information

1. 1. All manuscripts should be submitted to the BMB Reports Web site at http://bmbreports.org. For submissions, you will need to upload Word file of the text of the manuscript (including title, key words, abbreviations, main text, and references) as a single word file. Upload your figures separately as .png, .gif, or .jpeg files. Tables should be uploaded as .doc or .xls files.

2. 2. The manuscript should be accompanied by a cover letter indicating the postal and e-mail address, telephone number, and facsimile number of the corresponding author. In addition, written proof that permission to cite personal communications and preprints has been granted should be included if required.

3. 3. Manuscripts can be submitted as articles and minireviews. Articles may be submitted on a broad range of subjects of general interest to scientists in the field of biochemistry, molecular biology, and biomedical science. The length of the manuscripts should not exceed 4300 (Article) or 6000 (Mini Review) words including an abstract, a figure legend and references. The total number of figures and tables should not exceed four. Any figure larger than half a page will be counted as two figures.

4. 4. Minireviews should cover an aspect of biochemistry, molecular biology, and biomedical science that are topical and novel at the time of submission. The majority of minireviews are commissioned; however, noncommissioned articles may be considered at the editors' discretion. All minireviews, whether commissioned or not, undergo regular peer review. Reviews are intended to be succinct discussions dealing with a particular question of current interest. Minireviews should not exceed 6,000 words in length and 3 figures and/or tables in display must include abstracts (text is not limited), and must have no more than 100 references.
5. 5. If a contributors does not return the revised manuscript to the editor within six weeks after the request for revision, the contribution will be considered withdrawn.
6. 6. Editors may send a manuscript to an English editor associated with the Society for language improvement prior to final acceptance.
7. 7. If a manuscript is declined, the author has the right of appeal, if it is believed that the editors have made an erroneous judgment. A letter should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief presenting the reasons why the editorial decision should be reconsidered.
8. 8. Accepted manuscripts will be published with the implicit understanding that the authors will pay the costs of publication including page charges. Illustrations, photographs, electron micrographs, color plates and other special illustrations will be reproduced at the author's expense at cost prices. Alteration in page proofs, other than correction of printer's errors, are not granted, except when the Editor allows addition of a brief note added in proofs at the author's expense. page proofs corrected by authors should be returned to the Editor by a designated date. Otherwise, the Editor reserves the right of proofreading.
9. 9. As a condition of publication, authors must transfer copyright, which shall be assigned to editorial office to BMB Reports. All authors must sign a copyright transfer form, or the signing author must obtain permission from any co-authors.
10. 10. Fast Track Publication
BMB Reports will consider outstanding research manuscripts for accelerated publication. If you choose "Fast Track" for your manuscript in submission web page, the manuscript will be published online within 2 months since month of acceptance.
(ex. Acceptance date: June 10, Publication date: July or August 31)
11. 11. Page charges:
Authors will be requested to pay an article charge US$550(KRW 550,000) for regular publication or US 1,100(KRW 1,100,000) for Fast Track publicatioin 12. 12. English editing charge: Articles submitted from non-English speaking countries will be subjected to English language editing after it is accepted for publication. The authors will be requested to pay an editing fee US$200. English editing charge becomes effective from July 1, 2014. If authors submit a certificate with proof of English-language editing, English editing process will be waived.

B. Preparation of Manuscript

1. 1. Manuscripts should be typed with double-spacing throughout including references and figure legends. Separate sheets should be used for the following: (1) title page, (2) abstract, (3) text, (4) footnotes to the text, (5) acknowledgements, (6) references, (7) tables, (8) figure legends, (9) figures or other subsidiary matters. Manuscripts should be arranged in the order indicated above and all sheets should be numbered in succession, except figures, the title page being page 1.
2. 2. Latin words should be italicized (for example: in vitro, et al., per se). Authors should avoid using excessively long sentences and are also encouraged to have shorter paragraphs, for easy reading.
3. 3. A desirable plan for the organization of a paper is the following: (a) Abstract, (b) Introduction, (c) Results, (d) Discussion, (e) Materials and Methods, (f) Acknowledgments, (g) Conflict of Interest, (h) Figure legends, and (I) References. In some cases, presentation will be clearer and more effective if the author combines some of these sections.
• (1) Title Page should include the following items.
• a. The form of the paper (Article) and the field under which the paper is to be reviewed.
• b. The title should be informative and as short as is consistent with clarity. The numbering of parts in a series of papers is not permitted, but titles and subtitles may be used if necessary.
• c. List full names of all authors. A footnote to an author, indicating a change of address, should be given on the title page using one of the following superscript: 1, 2, 3. The asterisk symbol should be reserved for the author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
• d. List the institutions in which the work was carried out. Identify the affiliations of all authors and their institutions, departments, or organizations by use of superscript lower case alphabets.
• e. Provide a short running title of less than 50 characters.
• f. The name, phone number, complete postal and e-mail address of the person to whom correspondence should be sent.
• (2) Every paper must begin with a brief abstract (text is not limited) presenting the plan,
procedures, and significant results of the investigation. The abstract should be intelligible to the non specialists as well as the specialists in the field, and, hence, should avoid specialized terms and abbreviations. On the abstract page authors should supply about five keywords descriptive of the research carried out.
• (3) Introduction should state the purpose of the investigation and its relation to other works in the same field, but should not include an extensive review of the literature.
• (4) Results may be presented in tables or figures, but many simple findings can be set forth directly in the text with no need for tables or figures. The Discussion should be concise and deal with the interpretation of the results. In some cases combining Results and Discussion in a single section may give a clearer, more compact presentation.
• (5) Materials and Methods should be brief, but adequate for repetition of the work by a qualified operator. Refer to previously published procedures employed in the work by citation of both the original description and pertinent published modifications. Do not include extensive write-ups unless they present substantially new modifications. Manufacturers cited in the text should be styled, for example, as Sigma Chemical Co..
• (6) References should be numbered in one consecutive series. The reference should be marked with Arabic numbers in parenthesis in the body of the paper. In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al.
• 1. Granner D and Pilkis S (1990) The genes of hepatic glucose metabolism. J Biol Chem 265, 10173-10176
• 2. Lee SJ, Shin SJ, Lee SJ et al (2014) Mycobacterium abscessus MAB2560 induces maturation of dendritic cells via Toll-like receptor 4 and drives Th1 immune response. BMB Rep 47, 512-517
• 3. Goldberg AL and Gaff SA (1986) The selective degradation of abnormal proteins in bacteria; in Maximizing Gene Expression, Reznikoff W and Gold L (eds.), 287-314, Butterworths, Burlington, USA
• (7) A Conflict of Interest is defined as a set of conditions in which professional judgment concerning a primary interest, such as the validity of research, may be influenced by a secondary interest, such as financial gain. A Conflict of Interest (sometimes called a Disclosure Statement) is a notification from the author that there's no financial/personal interest or belief that could affect their objectivity, or if there is, stating the source and nature of that potential conflict. To prevent ambiguity, authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or don't exist, so you may be asked to provide one, even if no conflicts exist.
All authors are required to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any specific financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.

C. Preparation of Tables and Illustrations

1. 1. Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in order of appearance in the text. Type each table double-spaced on a separate page with a short descriptive title typed directly above and with essential footnotes below. Footnotes to tables should be identified with the italic superscript lower case (e.g., a, b, etc.), and placed at the bottom of the table.

2. 2. Figures should be approximately the same size as you would like them to appear in press. Please prepare and save your figures as .png, .gif, or .jpeg (at least 300 dpi).

3. 3. Number figures consecutively with Arabic numerals. Please visit our Web site at http://bmbreports.org for detailed instructions on preparing electronic artwork.

D. Preparation of Supplementary Material

1. 1. BMB Reports now accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files offer additional possibilities for publishing supporting applications, movies, animation sequences, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips, and more.

2. 2. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article in BMB Reports Web products. To ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please provide the data in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. Please note, however, that supplementary material will not appear in the printed journal. For more details, please see http://bmbreports.org

E. Chemical and Mathematical Usage, Abbreviations, and Symbols

1. 1. Make references in the text to simple chemical compounds by the use of formulas when these can be printed in single horizontal lines of type. Do not use two-dimensional formulas in running text. Prepare such structural formulas and complex mathematical equations in a form suitable for direct photographic reproduction and include them on a duplicate sheet at the end of the paper.

2. 2. Ionic charge should be designated as a superscript following the chemical symbol, e. g. Mg2+, SO42-. The notation Mg( ll ) is also acceptable.

3. 3. The symbol for an isotope of isotopically labeled compounds is shown in square brackets directly before the name, as in the examples shown below. For more detailed instructions consult the IUPAC-CNOC Recommendations on Isotopically Modified Compounds (1978) Eur. J. Biochem. 86, 9-25.

4. Examples:
[14C]urea, [α-14C]leucine
DL-[methyl-14>C]methionine
[131I]albumin
14CO2, H218O, 2H2O.

5. 4. Abbreviations with specific meanings may be used for convenience in place of complex chemical substances, particularly in equations, tables, or figures. Avoid using abbreviations in titles and abstracts. Occasionally, abbreviations are useful in avoiding excessively cumbersome expressions. Define such abbreviations when first used.

6. 5. Use of non-standard abbreviations should be kept to a minimum. Spell out non-standard abbreviations on their first appearance in the text. Abbreviations used only in a table or figure may be defined in the legend. For some of the most important biochemical reagents, coenzymes, etc., short abbreviations are universally employed, e. g. ATP.

7. 6. Abbreviations of units of measurement and physical and chemical quantities are listed below.

 molar (moles/liter) M (mM, μM, nM, pM) mole mol (mmol, μmol, nmol, pmol) meter m (cm, μm, nm) gram g (kg, mg, μg, ng, pg) liter l (ml, μl [not λ]) curie Ci (mCi, μCi) hour, minute, second h, min, s day, week, month, year d, wk, mo, yr counts per minute cpm revolutions per minute rpm cycles per second Hz degree Celsius ℃ degree absolute K joule J (kJ) calorie cal (kcal) ampere A (mA) volt V Svedberg unit S absorbance A equilibrium constant K rate constant k maximum velocity Vmax Michaelis constant Km molecular weight Mr dalton Da (kDa) acceleration of gravity g melting temperature Tm Gibbs energy, entropy, enthalpy change △G, △S, △H

F. Ethics

When conducting scientific research using human tissue intended for publication in BMB Reports, authors should follow procedures that are in accordance with ethical standards as formulated in the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 (revised 1983). When conducting experiments on animals, authors should adhere to the local or national requirements for the care and use of laboratory animals.