BMB Rep. 2015; 48(7): 367-368  
A new function of glucocorticoid receptor: regulation of mRNA stability
Ok Hyun Park, Eunjin Do & Yoon Ki Kim*
Division of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, Korea
Correspondence to: E-mail:
Received: July 2, 2015; Published online: July 31, 2015.
© Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. All rights reserved.

It has long been thought that glucocorticoid receptor (GR) functions as a DNA-binding transcription factor in response to its ligand (a glucocorticoid) and thus regulates various cellular and physiological processes. It is also known that GR can bind not only to DNA but also to mRNA; this observation points to the possible role of GR in mRNA metabolism. Recent data revealed a molecular mechanism by which binding of GR to target mRNA elicits rapid mRNA degradation. GR binds to specific RNA sequences regardless of the presence of a ligand. In the presence of a ligand, however, the mRNA-associated GR can recruit PNRC2 and UPF1, both of which are specific factors involved in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). PNRC2 then recruits the decapping complex, consequently promoting mRNA degradation. This mode of mRNA decay is termed “GR-mediated mRNA decay” (GMD). Further research demonstrated that GMD plays a critical role in chemotaxis of immune cells by targeting CCL2 mRNA. All these observations provide molecular insights into a previously unappreciated function of GR in posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression.
Keywords: Glucocorticoid receptor, mRNA decay, PNRC2, UPF1, Chemotaxis

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